There are three or four main construction options for pools to consider. Fiberglass shells, Concrete/Concrete with special finishes, vinyl liners and worth mentioning are the above ground versions of those same materials. In another article we will discuss salt water pools, natural pools, and other options. Here, we are going to discuss the main construction options.
Just keep in mind that you should be considering which filtration method you will be using before confirming your construction plans as they can make a huge difference. Some build types and filtration types are inherently incompatible. We are going to go over these in no particular order.
Fiberglass shells are pre-formed, it is expensive to get these made to a custom size. Typically there are large lists or catalogues of designs to choose from. These will have steps, slides, etc already built into the form for the most part. Changes to the form are difficult if not impossible. These do however get quick and easy installation. The spot for your pool is excavated and with some sand being put down and the like, the liner is dropped into place. Usually with a crane. Then the area is backfilled. They are favoured for their price and quick installation.
Concrete and Concrete with special finishes such as tile. Concrete pools are easily customizable to any shape, this includes curves and adding steps, and other neat features. Generally the process involves excavation. Then rebar and forms are laid and the concrete is poured or sprayed in. These pools are costly and take longer to install then fiberglass, but offer more structural integrity and customization than fibreglass options. Though they may also require more maintenance.
Vinyl liners are the next most popular option. They are often the cheapest option, though take longer than fiberglass to install often. Much care is needed when installing this option, while the form can have infinite customization, features such as steps are more difficult to add. The liners will break down faster than other options. These do allow many to obtain pools where they may be otherwise unable to. These are also the best option for DIYers. It is the cost savings and relative ease for homeowners to install them that make these a very popular choice. However, roots and other things can damage these liners as well often making them the most fragile of the choices available. The process involves excavating the pool area, laying down protective barriers and then ensuring plenty of padding. After the liner is placed, which is no small task, then the upper edge needs concealed and secured in place.
In addition to the in ground options listed, you can do any of those for an above ground pool as well. Though above ground pools often require additional support and maintenance because they are more exposed to the elements. It is best to do a lot of research before diving into such a big project. Regardless of the method you choose, we hope that you will enjoy your new pool thoroughly.